The most beautiful national parks in Georgia. Javakheti National Park.
Javakheti National Park is famous for its diversity of flora and fauna. The relief of the highlands consists of mountains and hills of volcanic origin. There is also a huge number of small and large lakes. If you want to see the most beautiful natural expanses, then by all means visit the Javakheti National Park.
According to today's administrative-territorial division, Javakheti is part of the Samtskhe-Javakheti region and covers the municipalities of Akhalkalaki, Ninotsminda, partially Aspindza and Borjomi. This is one of the oldest corners of Georgia, which differ in their landscape and relief.
The Javakheti region is located on the Javakheti volcanic highlands and is surrounded by ridges: on the south side of Nialiskuri, on the east side of Samsari and Gultoveli, and on the north side of Sharvasheti. On the western side, the Kura River flows through its territory. The highlands are dominated by a harsh (dry) continental climate. It is usually a cold, harsh winter here. The average temperature in January is below 0 °C, and the amount of annual precipitation does not exceed 500-600 mm.
This climate has caused the presence of special natural conditions here, characteristic only of Southern Georgia, mountainous steppe landscapes, on which there are almost no forests, and on which there are artificially planted pine groves.
The relief of the Javakheti Highlands consists of volcanic mountains and hills. In the basins between them there are about 80 large and small lakes. The area of most of them does not exceed 1 km2, although among them there is the largest lake in Georgia, Paravani (height 2073 m above sea level, area 37.5 km2, volume 91 km2, maximum depth 3.3 m) and the most watery lake Tabatskura. In winter, most of these lakes freeze for a long time. Several species of fish live in rivers and lakes: trout, chub, temple, bystryanka, carp, barbel, etc. Fishing is the main occupation of the local population.
To protect the lakes of Javakheti and its unique landscape, the Javakheti National Park was created on the initiative of the Agency of Nature Protection Territories. The total area of the park is 14,200 hectares. The park covers part of the territory of the municipality of Akhalkalaki and Ninotsminda, as well as several nature reserves. The improvement of the national park is currently underway. The project is being implemented by the World Wide Fund for Nature Protection (WWF Germany) and the Bank for Reconstruction of Germany.
There are a lot of underground waters in the Javakheti Highlands. In the municipality of Ninotsminda, to the west of Lake Khanchala is the village of Dilifi, known for its crystal clear water and medicinal acidic waters.
Location: Javakheti Highlands, south-eastern part of the Akhalkalaki plateau.
Distance: from Tbilisi - 180 km.
Altitude above sea level: 1980 m.
Climate: sharply continental, characteristic of the temperate zone. Winter is cold with little snow cover. The average temperature in January is 5-10 ° C. Summer is cool. The average annual temperature is 16°C.
Average annual precipitation: 700-750 mm.
Duration of sunshine per year: 2200 hours.